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Egypt Travel Guide

General Info

Egypt country information
Official nameArab Republic of Egypt
Head of headAbdel Fattah Saeed Hussein Khalil El-Sisi
populationAbout 93.38 million (2016)
capitalCairo
Ethnic groupMainly Arab (others, a few Nubia, Armenia, Greece, etc.)
languageArabic (official language), other Nubian languages, English, etc.
religionIslam, Christianity (Coptic)
area1,001,450 ㎢ (about 2.6 times that of Japan 378,000 ㎢)
visaRequired (can be obtained at the airport)
Electricity / voltage220V-50Hz: C type
passport6 months or more when applying, 1 page or more
currencyEgyptian Pound (EGP) Auxiliary unit is Piastol (pt.) 100 Piastol = 1EGP 1EGP = 6.43 yen * As of October 2017
National flagEgypt FlagRed represents revolution, white represents a bright future, and black represents past history. These three colors are common to the flags of “Yemen”, “Syria”, and “Iraq”, and the wish of Arab unification is put in the center, the national emblem “Saladin’s hawk”.
climateExcept for the Mediterranean climate of Alexandria and the Delta, the rest of the region has a desert climate. In May-October, which is the summer, the temperature is around 40 ° C and the sunshine is strong. It is winter from November to February that makes it easier to spend. From March to May, a sandstorm called hamscene blows and the airport may be closed. It rarely rains, but it can also occur in winter along the Mediterranean coast.
Transportation conditionDomestic flights of Egypt Airlines cover major cities. Other airlines also connect Cairo to Luxor and the Sinai Peninsula. Cairo-Luxor and Aswan-Abu Simbel are very popular. Connect Cairo to the Delta region or Cairo to Luxor Aswan. Air-conditioned, night trains to Upper Egypt include dining cars and sleepers. Long-distance buses that cover all over Egypt are popular with locals. Operated by 5 public bus companies. It takes time, but the number is large and the price is low. (long-distance shared taxi) A taxi that mixes with people heading in the same direction from the Servis platform. Depart when the number of people gather. Prices are negotiable. I can hardly speak English. A bus that operates a short distance. Run on a fixed route. The city bus gets on and off at the stop, but it doesn’t stop properly, so I jumped on and off. Prepaid. The minibus is higher than the city bus, but you can always sit. You can get on and off at any place on the route. Both destinations are in Arabic only. Almost no English is understood, but the air-conditioned buses from Cairo city to Giza’s Pyramid and to Cairo airport are relatively easy to use because they can communicate in English. There is a subway called Metro which is still under construction, but it has English notation and the price is cheap. Purchase your ticket at the counter and go to the different home through the automatic ticket gate. The front train is for women only. The taxi ride is basically the same as in Japan, but the big difference is that the fare is negotiable. Most sink taxis do not speak English. The taxi in front of the hotel is aimed at tourists, so they usually speak English, but the fare is high. There are also malicious drivers, so it is better to check the market price with local people before using. The water bus connects the Giza area and Old Cairo from the pier near Tafir Square in Cairo. Departure times are irregular. The water taxi can be used for a short trip across the Nile to the other side of the river, or you can charter to other cities along the Nile. Prices are negotiable. There are motorboats and small sailboats Falluka, which are also popular in Luxor and Aswan. At sightseeing spots such as Luxor, there are also sightseeing horse-drawn carriages, camels, and rental bicycles. Nile cruises between Aswan and Luxor and luxury cruises on Lake Nasser are also popular.
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Know before you go

f you are traveling to Egypt Browse the information we are providing for your trip to Egypt 

Egypt is best known as the cradle of ancient Egyptian civilization, with its temples, hieroglyphics, mummies and, most popular, its pyramids. What is less so, remains its medieval heritage, the courtesy of Coptic Christianity and Islam, ancient churches, monasteries and mosques draw the Egyptian landscape.

Egypt stimulates the imagination of Western tourists like few other countries and is probably one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world.

 

Location

 

More than one reason to spend your holidays in Egypt: The chaos of Cairo around the medieval city center that has remained unchanged since the time of the founding of Islam. Further south on the banks of the Nile, Luxor, the site of ancient Thebes, is lined with rich funerary chambers and boasts some of the most magnificent monuments of all antiquity. Further south is Aswan, where even larger temples bear witness to the power of the archaic gods and pharaohs. 
To the west, the sea of ​​sand extends infinitely to the Sahara, with a handful of oases forming lonely green islands. The deep, crystalline waters of the Red Sea hide reefs surrounded by aquatic and underwater wildlife. In the deserts of Sinai, visitors can climb the mountain where God had his conversation with Moses.
The best time to  fly to Egypt depends on where you want to go. In general, winter (December to February) is the peak tourist season and summer (June to August) is the low season in all regions of the country, except on the coast, and in Cairo. Hotel rates reflect this. As far as the weather is concerned, summer is hardly bearable almost everywhere in the south of Cairo, especially around Luxor and Aswan, where temperatures rise up to 40 ° C. The best compromise for a trip to Egypt in its entirety is to go in the spring (March to May) or fall (September to November).

The country that gave birth to the first great civilization does not need a great introduction. Pyramids, minarets, the Nile; Egypt offers a magnificent color palette. Visitors are surprised to discover that the legendary pyramids are just the tip of the archaeological iceberg. Pharaonic nations, Greeks, Romans, Christians and Arab dynasties all played their part in shaping the architectural wealth of Egypt.
Egypt is known as the cradle of civilization for centuries. Whether it’s a desert adventure, a sea getaway, or the discovery of history that interests you, Egypt will be a destination that will awaken a fantastic inspiration in your heart and mind. A magnificent story awaits you there. Egypt is a land of wonders and curiosities, ancient pyramids of Giza and fabulous temples along the Nile. Egypt is a land that every citizen of the world deserves to visit. You can travel in the desert by camel, take a cruise on the Nile and admire the magnificent pyramids

What to visit in Egypt

The pyramids of Giza, Abu Simbel or the west bank of Luxor are in the Valley of the Kings which was the royal cemetery of the 62 pharaohs, the open-air museum of Memphis, the Saladin Castle in Cairo and the Khan El-Khalili which is one of the most interesting bazaars, not only in Egypt, but throughout the Middle East. Do not forget the Hatshepsut Temple at Deir El-Bahri and the Valley of the Queens, an isolated cemetery on the west bank of Luxor. One of the most important tombs in the valley is that of the famous Queen Nefertiti, the main wife of Ramses II. In short, so much to discover and if you do not make a cruise, we advise you to rent a car in Egypt to browse its incredible sites.

Art and culture in Egypt

“Tourists are advised to opt for an appropriate dress code, that is covering to respect the inhabitants, their culture and their religion and thus the historical sites. The tap water is drinkable in Egypt. However, it is not superfluous to filter before consumption. “

 

The cultural history of Egypt spans six thousand years. Ancient Egypt was one of the first civilizations in the world. For millennia, Egypt has maintained a surprisingly complex and stable culture that later influenced the cultures of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. After the Pharaonic era, Egypt itself was influenced by Hellenism, Christianity for a certain period and, later, Islamic culture. Today, many aspects of ancient Egyptian culture exist in the interaction with the new elements, including the influence of modern Western culture that you will find during your stay in a hotel in Egypt.

Egypt Travel Tips

Some travel tips to travel through Egypt safely
  • Go protected with good travel insurance.
  • Always carry your documentation . It is normal for you to find frequent police checks on your journeys. It is usually done to have control of where tourists are in the event of possible conflicts.
  • Travel to Egypt thinking that you will know a totally different culture , so try to learn about their customs. Respect them and act with decorum.
  • Stay informed about the security situation in Egypt from official sources.
  • Avoid places where there are often acts of protest and demonstrations such as the Heliopolis Presidential Palace, Tahrir Square, government buildings and the headquarters of political parties.
  • Another of the tips for safe travel to Egypt is that you do not photograph public spaces or fronts of organizations
  • You should go to an International Vaccination Center well in advance of your trip to Egypt in order to obtain the relevant medical recommendations and vaccine prescriptions for safe travel.
  • If you are a victim of a crime in the country, report in Egypt and keep a copy of the complaint so that the case can be followed up.
  • If you are a woman, it is safe to travel to Egypt, but it is advisable to dress modestly . The looks will be much less intense if you cover your knees and shoulders, wear loose clothing and a handkerchief to cover your hair. It is also advisable to wear a ring that “shows” that you are married to avoid insistent questions.
  • Limit acts of love with your partner in public. Although homosexuality is not a crime, “homosexual acts” in public are not legal and there have been cases of imprisonment.
  • If you have dared to rent a car in Egypt, avoid road trips at night.
  • Consume alcohol in those places where it is allowed.
  • Maintain patience in the markets. It is common for sellers to be a little insistent, to call their customers out loud or make gestures that seem a bit aggressive.
  • As we have seen, it is safe to Egypt on almost every occasion, but beware of scams . Common scams when buying jewelry, fabrics or other high-value goods also occur in Egypt.
  • Try to be aware of what you eat and look for places where food cleanliness standards are high, since there are many people who have stomach problems on their trips through Egypt.
  • Do not hire unofficial guides , especially around the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. It is common for people to approach you around monuments that tell you that they want to show you something or give you interesting information. Although some of them may have really kind intentions, we encourage you to only trust those who can show you with an official identification that are tour guides.
  • Use common sense, follow your instinct and don’t travel with fear. It is a fascinating country, you will not regret a moment of traveling to Egypt.

Location

Egypt is located in northeastern Africa with its capital located in its largest city: Cairo. Egypt is also expanding in Asia with the Sinai Peninsula. The country is bordered by Israel and the Gaza Strip to the northeast, Jordan to the east, Sudan to the south and Libya to the west. In the north of the country, it is the Mediterranean and the Red Sea to the east. Geographically, it is dominated by the Nile River and its fertile valley, as well as by the deserts of East and West. Egypt is one of the most populous countries in Africa and the Middle East. The vast majority of its 80 million inhabitants live on the banks of the Nile. 

Currency

Currently the legal and ongoing currency in Egypt is the Pound . Locally the abbreviation LE or LE is used, which comes from French, and means livre égyptienne. The name of the Egyptian coin in Egyptian Arabic, ginaih , can be related to the English name, Guinea.

In 1834 , a royal decree promulgating a parliamentary bill was published to provide for the application of an Egyptian currency based on a bimetallic base. Two years later the currency of Egypt, the Egyptian pound, was minted and put into circulation.

In 1885 , it was no longer used and the piastra was divided into tenths, which were renamed milliemes in 1916. Legal changes in the currency in Egypt were set by force of law for major foreign currencies, and these were acceptable to the establishment of internal transactions. Gradually, this led to the use of the gold standard in Egypt, between 1885 and 1914.