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Weather in Egypt

Best Time to Visit Egypt

The best time to travel to Egypt is during Fall and Winter the month of October till April. The weather is cooler and pleasant making tours and excursions to explore the monuments more pleasant and enjoyable. However, during these months, prices are relatively high especially during peak periods in December and January. Rain is expected during winter but it is not frequent.

During summer from June to September the temperature is relatively high and very high humidity during July and August, especially in Cairo and northern coast. However, the low prices and the less crowded tourist areas make traveling during these months still viable.

During spring Khamseen wind is a phenomenon that takes place which are sand storms hit Egypt. 

If you travel in Ramadan expect some changes in the opening hours of attractions and some restaurants might be closed during the mornings. 


The north of Egypt can be quite cold in winter, but the whole country enjoys a hot and dry climate all year round, except during the months of January to March: temperatures vary between 20 ° C and 32 ° C. ° C at the edge of the Mediterranean, and between 28 ° C and 50 ° C around Aswan, which also knows the rain very rarely. 

The desert is obviously the place of extremes, with suffocating days and very cold nights. 

So you will choose the offspring to discover the whole country, avoiding March and April when the Khamaseen breathes, wind of sand which saturates the air of dust and makes any exit extremely painful. If you only visit the South, choose the heart of winter

Climate in Egypt

The Egyptian climate is Mediterranean on the coast of Alexandria, semi-desert at the height of Cairo and completely desert in the Great South. Autumn Our favorite season is autumn (late September to late November). Temperatures oscillate between 25 and 35 ° C from north to south, the sun is omnipresent, and Alexandria is not yet in the rain.

Winter During the winter (mid-December to the end of February), Alexandria is exposed to the wind and heavy rain, Cairo displays a sad gloom, the Red Sea is refreshing, and the nights in the desert can be icy. Only Upper Egypt (Luxor, Aswan) remains flooded with a benevolent sun.  In winter, it is better to have a warm jacket for Cairo and Sinai, as well as an umbrella for Alexandria.  In Egypt, heating does not exist, and only air conditioning if they are reversible have a heating function.


Spring The spring (March-April) is late and little marked, we quickly move from winter to summer. This is the season of khamsin (a hot sand wind blowing two or three times in the season). Sometimes violent rains can surprise travelers to Alexandria. The temperature can easily go from 20 to 40 ° C in one day.

Summer Summer is under the sign of heat scorching, wet on the Mediterranean coast and very dry in the South. You will have to adapt the program of your days by starting very early in the morning and taking a break in the middle of the day. In Aswan and Nubia, it can be up to 50 ° C! Hoteliers increase prices in winter and grant reductions in summer (the only exception is Alexandria).


When to go to Egypt? All year. Autumn and spring are preferred . Beware of hot weather from June to September. During Ramadan, consider schedule changes for museums and sites.

climate of Egypt is dry. Egypt does not receive much rainfall, except in the winter months, south of Cairo. Average rainfall is only about 2 to 5 mm (0.1 to 0.2 in) per year and, at intervals of many years.

In a very thin strip of the north coast the precipitation can be as high as with most rains between October and March.

In Egypt, the weather can be varied: snow falls in the mountains of Sinai and the north of some coastal cities such as Damietta, Baltim, Sidi Barrany, etc. and rarely in Alexandria, frost is also known at mid-Sinai points and Egypt.

The average temperatures range between 15º in winter, and 50º in the desert during the summer months, with an average of 26º in summer in the Delta area.

In the Delta there is a more moderate climate with summer temperatures between 20º and 30º and high humidity due to the presence of water, which results in a very Mediterranean climate.

The temperature of the water in the Red Sea is pleasant, but having intense water currents, it can be very cold, but usually in summer it is warm. Throughout this coast and in Sinai the wind blows almost daily and makes it ideal for practicing certain water sports.

A constant northwest wind helps keep the temperature pressed near the Mediterranean coast, so characteristic of the climate of Egypt.

In the first days of spring, the “Khamasin” appears, which is a hot wind, and blows from the western desert at a speed of up to 150 km / h, dragging huge amounts of sand and dust, sometimes the temperature rises in the desert.

The climate of Egypt is known because every year, the floods of the Nile of Egypt replenishes the soil and vegetation. This gives the country harvest throughout the year. Many know this event as the gift of the Nile . The rising sea level due to global warming threatens the densely populated coastal strip of Egypt and could have serious consequences for the country’s economy, agriculture and industry.


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Average temperature in Egypt throughout the year (centigrade)

CairoMax Temp.192124283235343432302421
Min Temp.091011141718222220181410
AlexandriaMax Temp.181921262728303029232420
Min Temp.091011141720232321181511
LuxorMax Temp.232529353941414139353025
Min Temp.050711162123242422181208
AswanMax Temp.242630353942414140363026
Min Temp.080913182124252522191509
Port SaidMax Temp.181920232629303129272420
Min Temp.111214162022242524221814
IsmailiaMax Temp.202224282335363934242722
Min Temp.080911141720222321181410
HurghadaMax Temp.212123272831333331292622
Min Temp.101012162124252523201612
Sharm El SheikhMax Temp.202124283235384034312724
Min Temp.131418222627282926252013