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Hatshepsut Temple

Hatshepsut Temple is one of the most important places among all the attractions of Egypt. This magnificent structure is located at the base of the steep cliffs of Deir al-Bahri. The significance of the Hatshepsut Temple can be judged by the name it was called in antiquity – Jesser Jesser, or the Most Holy of the Saints. It took nine years to build it – from 1482 to 1473 BC. It is worth noting that the appearance of the temple was very different from all the large-scale buildings of that time with its airiness and a large number of sculptures. Hatshepsut Temple does not look as formidable as many other Egyptian attractions.

The significance of the Hatshepsut Egyptian temple can be judged by the name in ancient times – Jesser Jesser, or the Most Holy of the Saints. It took nine years to build it – from 1482 to 1473 BC.
The female pharaoh Hatshepsut is one of the first known ladies in world history. Besides the fact that Hatshepsut was a wonderful ruler, she also understood the value of art and erected a huge number of monuments throughout the country. In addition, she restored the destroyed sights. More Hatshepsut was built only by Ramses II Meriamon. During her reign, Egypt flourished. Hatshepsut was such a strong personality in the literal and figurative senses that she even personally led one of the military campaigns during her reign.

Hatshepsut Temple
Surprisingly, the place for the Hatshepsut Temple was not chosen by chance, but with the help of accurate calculations. It is located on the axis of the Karnak Temple of Amon and at the same time very close to the tomb, which was intended for Hatshepsut in the Valley of the Kings on the other side of the mountain. The chief architect Senenmouth worked on the creation of this temple. Now Hatshepsut Temple is almost in the desert – there is not a single tree nearby, but once this territory was a real garden with exotic plants and a pool. The frescoes on the walls of the temple tell about the reign of Hatshepsut, the events that took place. Here you can see scenes from life and images of the gods.

Hatshepsut Temple has gradually become a place of pilgrimage for many people. On its walls, scientists found a lot of inscriptions asking for healing or for help.

In the period of early Christianity, the church housed a Coptic church. After many years, the building turned into ruins. Egyptologist Edward Naville in 1891, the first of all scientists began the reconstruction of the temple. True, he did not particularly believe in success: it was extremely difficult to restore the Hatshepsut Temple, since many details of the attraction were taken out of Egypt. But thanks to the efforts of Polish restorers, the temple was still able to be revived. By the way, restoration work is still ongoing.

Practical information
Keep in mind that Hatshepsut Temple is practically in the desert and the temperature is very high. It is most convenient to visit this attraction in winter, spring or autumn. In any case, it is worth taking a lot of water with you and dress in comfortable clothes.