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The ancient City of Thebes and its tombs

The ancient city of Thebes and its tomb
Governorate: Al-Aqs Governorate
Region: Luxor
Classification: Cultural
Archeological site address: Luxor
Working Mission: See the working missions
Registration number: 87
Matriculation year: 1979
Threatened ?: No
Standards: (i) (iii) (vi)
World Heritage Site Selection Standard File Region: Central Region: 7390.1600 Ha, Buffer Zone: 443.5500 Ha
Phone number: none
Fax number: No Available to visit: YesDating dates: NoTicket prices: Various

Thebes was one of the most important and wealthy cities in ancient Egypt, and during long periods of ancient Egyptian history, Thebes was the religious and political capital of the country. The World Heritage Site “Thebes and its necropolis” includes several archaeological sites distributed on the eastern and western banks of the Nile River, where the East Bank includes a city The neighborhoods, as well as 14 temples, are the most famous temples of Karnak and Luxor. The West Bank, which was known as the City of the Dead, includes ancient cemeteries and cemeteries such as the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens, and funerary temples such as the Ramsium Temple, the Ramses III Temple in the city of Habo, and the funerary temple of Queen Hatshepsut Ba Deir el-Bahri. The Taibah Site and its Cemetery have been inscribed on the UNESCO List of World Heritage Sites in 1979.

It is the city of Luxor now, it was called an ancient good kindness. It is an ancient Pharaonic city located in a region called Upper Egypt, and it is one of the capitals of Egypt during the era of the Pharaohs, and this city was the center of worship of the god Ra, and most of the pharaohs of Egypt cared about it, especially during the modern state; The temples are for the various gods of ancient Egypt; the most prominent of them is Amun Ra, and the name of Taybeh was called several names, such as West (i.e. the scepter), the city of Amun (Newt), and Taby (dualism).

The location of the city of Thebes

Thebes is located in the governorate of Qena currently, seventy-six kilometers south of Cairo on the shore of the eastern Nile, i.e. in the southern part of Qena, and the city of Thebes was divided into two main parts during the days of the Pharaohs: the city of neighborhoods, located to the east of the Nile Where life begins in the sunrise and the city of the dead. It is located on the western shore of the Nile where the sun sets. The monuments of the ancient city, given that the city of Thebes is one of the richest cities in the world with the Pharaonic monuments, it occupies an important historical place in Egypt and the whole world, so the visitor will notice the traces of the neighborhoods east of the Nile River, and the direction facing the west will meet the effects of the dead (funerary monuments). Eastern antiquities are among the eastern antiquities of Karnak and Luxor temples. Karnak temples are very beautiful in their huge architecture and large building, and they are thus the largest temples built for the gods in the history of the ancient world from the time of the Middle Egyptian state until the era of the Ptolemies, and the most important features of Karnak temples is a temple consisting of an edifice A large tower contains two huge towers, which are mediated by the door of the temple, and then comes the open courtyard of the temple, then the hall of columns, and at the end of the temple there is the most holy of sanctuaries; the most famous of these temples are: the temple of the god Amon Ra, the temple of the god Aten, and the temple of God Khonsu, next to the temple of the god Ptah, And the temple of the god Osir. Western antiquities are the monuments located west of the Nile River, and most of them are funerary monuments belonging to the dead of the pharaohs, and the pharaohs were burying their kings in the huge pyramids, but this did not prevent the greedy from being able to find, the location of the king’s corpse, and looting the treasures buried around it, so the funerary temple was separated from The royal cemetery that the pharaohs made in the belly of the mountain overlooking the Nile River west of the city of Thebes during the reign of Thutmose I, and that area was known as the Valley of the Kings, and the Valley of the Queens as well, and we review below some of those tombs: The tomb of Thutmose III. The tomb of Amenhotep the second and third. Tomb of Thutmose IV. The tomb of Tutankhamun. Ramses III Cemetery. As for the funerary temples devoted to religious rituals that the Pharaohs believed to contribute to the happiness of the deceased king’s spirit, they were built at the edge of the desert near the western fields of Thebes, the most famous of which is the temple of King Montuhotep. Queen Hatshepsut Temple.