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Al Rifai Mosque

Al Rifai Mosque stands side by side with another mosque that is 500 years older. In 1869, the mother of the Khedive Ismail Pasha wished to replace and expand the medieval cell of the (dependent) Islamic theologian Ahmad al-Rifai. This place was revered by local people. »Construction continued until 1912. The reason for such a long time was the death of the architect and the abandonment of the throne of Ismail Pasha. »Resumed construction in 1905, the new ruler Khedive Abbas II and the new Hungarian architect. »The mosque is interesting for tourists because there are burials of Ahmad al-Rifai, Sufi saints and graves of members of the royal family: Ismail Pasha, his mother Hushiyar-Khanym, his sons Fuad I and Faruk I (the last king of Egypt), daughters Ferial. The last Shah of Iran, Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, who was in exile and died in 1980, is buried here.   Al Rifair Mosque Cairo, Cairo islamic attractions   Al-Rifai Mosque is named after Ahmad Al-Sayyad Al-Rifai, one of the descendants of Imam Al-Rifai. The most important feature of this mosque is the decorations on the external walls as well as the giant pillars located at the outer gate of the mosque, and the mother of Khedive Ismael was wanted to build this mosque and took the mosque 40 years in construction. The mosque contains many tombs and that is why Khoshyar Hanim, the mother of Khedive Ismael, wanted to build the mosque. Khosheir Hanim, at the cost of the largest Egyptian engineers, designed this great archeological mosque. The mosque contains the tomb of King Farouk I, And his mother. : Rifai mosque, Al Riai The area of ​​the mosque is 6,500 square meters, of which 1,677 square meters are for prayer, and the mosque takes a rectangular shape. Date of building the mosque: The mosque was built on the same Mamluk style as in the 19th and 20th centuries, and the mosque resembles the buildings of Europe at the time. In fact, the mosque continued to be built well and regularly until the death of Engineer Hussein Fahmi and then Khoshyar Hanem, who was buried there, and buried next to the Khedive Ismail all that led to The construction of the mosque has been suspended for 25 years. This was the case until the reign of Abbas Helmy II, where Max Hartz Pasha and his Italian assistant ordered the completion of this great mosque after a 25-year suspension. The mosque was completed in 1911. : The mosque is located in front of Sultan Hassan mosque and the castle area in Cairo, Egypt The mosque is a tourist destination for tourists from all over the world. The shrines of Al-Rifai Mosque: The tomb of Nur Hanem, the mother of Khedive Abbas This shrine is the first to meet the visitor, and is considered to be the largest and largest and the most beautiful shrines of women, about 3 meters long, and 1.5 meters high, and a height of 4 meters, takes the shrine form pyramid structure characterized by the ancient Egyptians, The character of the Arab and Islamic style in Naqoushidreh Nur Hanim, the mother of the Khedive Abbas  .The Shrine of Khedive Abbas I: The mausoleum consists of three floors decorated with beautiful botanical forms. The top of the mausoleum contains a witness written in Turkish after the words of the tomb owner, in addition to his supplications. The tomb is surrounded by a large copper wall inscribed with geometric shapes. The separation between the tomb of Nur Hanim and the tomb of Alhami Pasha The brother of Khadio Abbas, whose tomb is two stories of decorated marble   The tombs of the daughters and wives of the Khedive Abbas: This group is characterized by beautiful aesthetic form, where the colors are attractive and consistent, and there are the shrines of my wife Khadio Abbas and they (Fethia Hanim – Princess Shams) and the graves of my wife Khudio Mohammed Said Pasha and the two emirates (King – Anji), and the tomb of Khadio Mohammed Said, It is less beautiful, more beautiful and more magnificent than the tomb of Khadio Abbas I   Rifai Mosque Nur Hanem shrine The Tomb of Prince Tusun Pasha Ibn Said Basha: The grave includes the tomb of Prince Toson Pasha, governor of Egypt, his sons Mohammed and Mahmoud, the tomb of Prince Muhammad Ali Ibn Ismail Pasha, and some family members such as Princess Zainab, wife of Mohammed Ali and Rokaya Hanim. Shrine of Ibrahim Pasha: Where the burial of Ibrahim Pasha son of Muhammad Ali, the military commander of the Egyptian army and his tomb consists of three floors in the form of pyramid decorated with Italian polymer and engraved completely from the base to the highest witness and this mausoleum represents in its construction and decorations and engravings engineering unit in a perfect and wonderful Entrance Rifai mosque