Four thousand five hundred years old, the Pyramids of Giza are the main monument of Egypt and one of the oldest in the world. Next to them is the Great Sphinx , another monumental construction whose profile is worldwide recognized. Along with the Nile cruises and Islamic Cairo , they are the most popular ride among travelers visiting Cairo.
The pyramids are the monumental tombs of the Egyptian pharaohs , who were preparing to become gods in the afterlife. The gigantic temples in which they were buried are part of the ritual that would guide them to complete their destiny beyond death.
The way in which the pyramids were built is still a mystery. However, it is known that in order to do so, a type of collaborative work was necessary that only a strongly organized and hierarchical society could achieve. This is why the pyramids are an important symbol of the power of the Egyptian pharaohs that served to project their image of greatness to the rest of the world.
The pyramid of Cheops is the largest of all . It measures 147 meters and it is estimated that more than two million stone blocks were used to build it, each of which weighs between 2.5 and 15 tons . It was formerly covered in large blocks of limestone, but an earthquake of the early fourteenth century gave off much of its finish. Currently only the tip of the pyramid is covered.
The pharaoh Jufu, better known as Cheops, was the one who ordered the construction of the great pyramid, which was completed in about 2570 .
During the visit to the pyramid you can see the sarcophagus and the funerary boat of Cheops, which would be responsible for carrying Pharaoh on his journey to the afterlife.
The Jafra pyramid, better known as Kefrén, son of Cheops, is part of a larger funerary complex that also includes a processional causeway, the Valley Temple and the Great Sphinx.
For a time it was believed to be larger than the Pyramid of Cheops, although it is now known that this was only an effect caused by the position in the terrain and the inclination of their faces.
The Great Sphinx that jealously watches the entire complex was sculpted in a mound of rock from the plateau itself. It has a height of 20 meters and in antiquity it was painted in colors.
The third pyramid is of significantly smaller dimensions than the other two . It was built approximately in 2490 by the Pharaoh Mycerinus and was linked to a much more complex funerary temple. In antiquity it was lined with blocks of pink granite and limestone.
Each one of the pyramids preserves in its interior decorations that show scenes of all the aspects of the daily life in the ancient Egypt. The funerary art found in the tombs shows scenes of farmers working the fields, carpenters, fishermen, and all kinds of religious rituals. The inscriptions on the tombs also shed light on the Egyptian language. Virtually all aspects of Pharaonic civilization can be studied from the elements found in the pyramids.
The Pyramids of Giza are one of the oldest funerary monuments of which one has record. The place has so many secrets and keeps such a rich history , that it is worthwhile to make the excursion in the company of a specialized guide so you do not miss out on detail. You can take a look at this private tour of the pyramids and the Great Sphinx , where you will have a guide at your disposal throughout the tour.
It is also a good option to complement the visit to the pyramids with a walk to other archaeological sites or the Egyptian Museum, which will allow you to deepen your knowledge about the Pharaonic culture. If you are interested in making these walks accompanied, we recommend the private tour to Giza, Memphis and Saqqara or a tour , also private, by the pyramids and the Egyptian Museum .
One of the most popular ways to visit the area of the pyramids is by camel riding around. The experience is entertaining and picturesque , and for those who do not dare to experiment with something so exotic, the camel can be replaced by a horse. If you like the idea, you can book your camel or horse ride online through the pyramids.
Throughout the year there is a night show of lights and sound in the pyramids. The voice of a rapporteur, who pretends to be that of the Great Sphinx, takes a tour through the history of the pyramids while the lights illuminate the different monuments of the complex with color . It is a powerful and moving experience that allows you to appreciate the pyramids from another point of view. Audioguides are available in different languages, so you can enjoy the show without missing any detail.
You can book tickets now and ensure your place in the spectacle of light and sound of the pyramids.